A comparison of athens and sparta the two major city states in ancient greece

List the major events the culture experienced. After finishing school Megarians attended to military school. Claim to Fame Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power.

Athens vs sparta comparison table

This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. For each culture, identify the starting and ending dates of the culture, the structure of government, the role of the city government, and type of law created by the culture. They spent their time training and building their military might. They also spoke the same language and followed the same religion. Spartans lived in harsh conditions without luxuries. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire , Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Women, too, were expected to be loyal and dedicated to the state. Athenian and Spartan fought side by side in the Battle of Plataea , which ended Persian invasions of Greece. Polis means an independent community of citizens inhabiting a city and the countryside around it Hunt, The city-state of Athens was the birthplace of many significant ideas. Yes Current rating: 6.

For all intents and purposes, in this essay the word slavery will refer to the non-citizen people of both Athens and Sparta who are enslaved by either the state or an individual person, depending on the state they live in.

One way that Athens and Sparta really differed was in their idea of getting along with the rest of the Greeks. The most important imports were metals.

Similarities between spartan and athenian education

Athenian families were closely-knit. Therefore, each polis developed independently and, often, very differently from one another. List the major events the culture experienced. The city-state was located on a peninsula that stretches southeastward into the Aegean Sea, northeast of Sparta. For one thing, they were both Greek city-states. This easy access to water meant that the Greek people might naturally become explorers and traders. Because of its unfertile soil, it was hard to grow food. Women had power and responsibility in their own right. Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required. In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the women were free of all such chores. They were close together on a map, yet far apart in what they valued and how they lived their lives.

Like men, women followed a strict exercise program and contributed actively to Spartan society. Athenian women were confined to their homes and were given limited freedoms.

Athens and Sparta are at war.

Athens and sparta similarities and differences

Being in mountainous and island region, many were isolated from each other, and often hostile to each other. These two city-states, Sparta and Athens have unique formations of government, histories, goals, as well as societies. This was the Peloponnesian War. Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon , son of Zeus and Taygete , who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas , around BCE. Moreover, it is held by many that Spartans were prohibited from displaying their wealth. The whole of Hellas used once to carry arms, their habitations being unprotected, and their communication with each other unsafe; indeed, to wear arms was as much a part of everyday life with them as with the barbarians. For each culture, identify the starting and ending dates of the culture, the structure of government, the role of the city government, and type of law created by the culture. Athens placed a high importance on education. Early Sparta and Athens was a building process with many ups and down of which they learnt how to run their cities. Yes Current rating: 6. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions.

These two cities were both powerful and famous but significantly different. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength.

why is athens better than sparta

After many years of hard fighting, Sparta won the war.

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Comparison of the Greek City States