An analysis of the platos society concept
This Allegory of Plato appears in his work The Republic. Peace for Plato is, unlike for Marxists and other radical thinkers, not a status quo notion, related to the interest of the privileged group, but a value that most people usually desire.
It is the "product of convention". But, unfortunately they are only organized around the pursuit or power7.
Plato theory of justice wikipedia
Modern liberal ideologies over-compensate for this deficiency in Plato. Thrasymachus who represented the new and critical view, propounded the radical theory of justice. Thus the Platonic utopia makes impossible the very virtues it was meant to promote. The theory of the two worlds. Even mothers are not allowed to know who their children are. Goodness is not merely a theoretical idea for them, but the ultimate state of their mind. Most people, corrupted as they are, are for him fundamentally irrational, driven by their appetites, egoistic passions, and informed by false beliefs. Genuine recognition is impossible except on the basis of freedom, so any social order that does not allow freedom among its participants is inherently unstable, having the potential for rebellion built into it. Objections against the government of philosopher-rulers can be made. It is to be noted that before Plato many theories of justice were prevalent. Freedom of speech, forming opinions and expressing them, which may be denied in theocracy, is a true value for Plato, along with wisdom. A well govern state exercises the virtues that Plato given in his division of the soul. The individual is not ethically subordinate to the community; her health, and especially her freedom, are no less important than communal harmony. Markets and money are mere conveniences for distributing the products of the citizens.
Democracy is thus highly corruptible. Like his father, he withdrew from the dialogue. In book II of the Republic, Plato follows a macro approach to the analysis of justice. This does not mean that Plato would support a theocratic government based on shallow religiosity and religious hypocrisy.
An analysis of the platos society concept
Ethics: the Philosophical Discipline of Action. He introduced a system of checks and balances which would not favor any side, but took into consideration legitimate interests of all social groups. Hooked on Philosophy Makati City. Plato may not have believed that his utopia would work in practice, or even that it would be desirable to institute some of his more radical suggestions, but he certainly attributed some value to his discussion independent of its illustrative function. Plato describes the sophists as itinerant individuals, known for their rhetorical abilities, who reject religious beliefs and traditional morality, and he contrasts them with Socrates, who as a teacher would refuse to accept payment and instead of teaching skills would commit himself to a disinterested inquiry into what is true and just. In Book I of the Republic, Socrates and his interlocutors discuss the meaning of justice. Their political authority is not only rational but also substantially moral, based on the consent of the governed. The partisan strife, which seemed inevitable, would make Athens even more weak economically and defenseless before external enemies. He believes that virtue is the lifeblood of any good society.
Socrates introduces the hypothetical city in Book 2 2. Why does Plato in the Republic decide to hand the steering wheel of the state to philosophers?
But it exists on a larger scale and in more visible form in the society. Furthermore, to go against this decision would be to go against god himself. The moral language of justice is used merely instrumentally to conceal the interests of the dominant group and to make these interests appear universal. Only the philosophers can come out of the cave and see the light. Polemarchus also holds the same view of justice but with a little alteration. Plato, as later Rousseau, believes that once political society is properly ordered, it can contribute to the restoration of morals. On the other hand, lured by easy profits from loans, the rich stood firmly in defense of private property and their ancient privileges. Plato associates the traditional Greek virtues with the class structure of the ideal state. They must emerge organically from his spontaneous sense of himself. Thus the division of labor grows; and the number of citizens grows too. A definition that is merely arbitrary or either too narrow or too broad, based on a false belief about justice, does not give the possibility of communication. The Quest for Justice in The Republic One of the most fundamental ethical and political concepts is justice.
based on 44 review