Most conflicts are intra-state i. One issue is that the allocation of property rights may be difficult when resources are so vast. The presence of MDBs is associated with a lower probability that a project comes under distress or is cancelled, even after controlling for a set of project-specific variables and for year and country fixed effects.
Proliferation of goals and targets LDC delegates voiced concern about the mind-boggling number of goals and targets set by various global frameworks, including the Sustainable Development Goals, IPoA, the Paris Agreement on climate change and the Convention on Biological Diversity, to name a few.
The relatively low share of energy is somewhat troubling, since access to electricity is frequently identified as a key constraint to development in LIDCs see Payne,for a review of the literature, and Di Bella and Grigoli,for an application to Haiti and Nicaragua.
Since then, a new government under President Ouattara has struggled to re-establish security but raids against army and policy installations still threaten stability.
Social inclusion and gender integration specialist: also discussed in Chapter 1 a senior sociologist or social scientist with experience in gender and poverty analysis who will assist in the collection and analysis of data disaggregated by social and gender groups, and policy and institutional analysis, and manage, in coordination with other members of the analytical team, consultations with representatives of different social groups.
In these sectors, there is little opportunity for economic growth because the impact of real and human capital development is small, and marginal factor productivity is very low.
A few countries have not experienced a pronounced scaling-up, but have maintained fairly high levels of public investment throughout the past 15 years.