Scaffolding language, scaffolding learning: Teaching English language learners in the mainstream classroom 2nd ed. Essential elements of fostering and teaching reading comprehension.
Contemporary Educational Psychology, 8, Reread the text to students from time to time to discuss what needs to be written next or to monitor whether or not the text conveys information clearly.
Hammond, J. Establish a purpose for the writing and an intellectually engaging opportunity for students to apply new learning. When approaching the teaching of different text types or genres Christie, ; Gibbons, ; Hammond,the step of joint text construction is pivotal.
Last Update: 30 August In this section:. The instruction of reading comprehension.
Shared writing activities are constructed for students based on the level and type of teacher support needed as students expand their writing skills over time. Have a small whiteboard available, for example, to demonstrate to students how to say a word slowly and write sounds heard into "sound boxes" Clay, before writing a phonetically regular word into the text for them.
Plan lessons for types of writing that present particular challenges to your students.