The problems caused by smog and the ways to reduce its level
The terminology refers to a mixture of liquid and solid fog and smoke particles. Adults who are active outdoors—Healthy adults of any age who exercise or work outdoors are considered at higher risk from smog. Smog is unhealthy to humans and animals, and it can kill plants. Limit the use of cars in highly polluted days 5. Everyone can do their part to reduce smog by changing a few behaviors, such as: Drive less. Today, most of the smog we see is photochemical smog. Causes of Smog Smog was once created primarily by coal burning. In addition to breathing polluted air, such workers are often exposed to other environmental risks, such as heat and cold, heavy rain, and wind as well as solar UV and allergenic pollens. On the other hand, ground-level ozone, trapped near the ground by heat inversions or other weather conditions, is what causes the respiratory distress and burning eyes associated with smog. Mostly, the occurrences of smog are associated with the relationship between weather patterns and heavy motor vehicle traffic, industrial and other consumer product emissions. Nitrogen oxides come from car exhaust , coal power plants, and factory emissions. A capable and productive energy management system can go a long way in reducing smog causing pollutants in the air such as nitrogen and sulfur oxides. Respective metrological departments can help with this by installing monitoring equipment that consistently records the amount of emission and particulate matter in the air. Getting regular tune-up s, changing oil on schedule, and inflating tires to the proper level can improve gas mileage and reduce emissions. Natural causes Smog can as well occur due to natural causes like volcanic eruption and some specific plant life effects.
Agricultural activities, due to the use of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers that emit harmful chemicals 4. Causes Air pollution causes Air pollution is caused by the presence in the atmosphere of toxic substances, mainly produced by human activities, even though sometimes it can result from natural phenomena such as volcanic eruptions, dust storms and wildfires, also depleting the air quality.
10 ways to reduce pollution
New protocols and standards are needed to guide the effective use and interpretation of data produced by low-cost sensors in citizen science and other applications. The term " smog " was first used in London during the early s to describe the combination of smoke and fog that often blanketed the city. More than 4, people died from respiratory ailments as a result. VOCs are released from gasoline , paints, and many cleaning solvents. The terminology refers to a mixture of liquid and solid fog and smoke particles. Most of the smog formed in large cities are as a result of traffic emissions. Do you know an innovative company developing efficient solutions? Air pollution exposure is linked to a wide range of adverse health outcomes in children, including infant mortality, asthma, neurodevelopmental disorders, and childhood cancers. By reducing its own carbon footprint, the health sector can show how climate change mitigation produces concrete health benefits. Like any other adults, however, elderly people will be at higher risk from exposure to smog if they already suffer from respiratory diseases, are active outdoors, or are unusually susceptible to ozone. The current pace of progress mains too slow. Low-cost sensors and other new technologies can expand air quality monitoring and forecasting to areas that are currently underserved. Radiocarbon amounts of some specific plant life are believed to cause smog in some locations.
Air pollution causes over half of all child deaths from acute lower respiratory infection in children under 5 years in lower middle income countries.
The conference will raise awareness of this growing public health challenge and share information and tools on the health risks of air pollution and its interventions. Video: Did you know - using a clean cookstove can protect your health?
The smog was so thick that the city had to shut down roads, railways, and the airport. These substances react with moisture, heat, sunlight, and ammonia among other compounds to form the toxic vapors, particulates, and ground level ozone that make up smog.
Smog is a serious problem in most big urban areas. Most of the smog formed in large cities are as a result of traffic emissions. Increasing energy efficiency and conserving energy Increasing energy efficiency and at the same time conserving energy leads to reduced gaseous emissions into the atmosphere that often result in the formation of smog.
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